Land development, pH management, land health and quality management
1One•INTRODUCTION TO LAND DEVELOPMENT
•LAND HEALTH AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT
2Two•INTER CROPPING AND CROP ROTATION
Fundamentals of Soil Science
Soil as a natural body, Pedological and edaphological concepts of soil; Soil genesis: soil forming rocks and minerals; weathering, processes and factors of soil formation; Soil Profile, components of soil; Soil physical properties: soil-texture, structure, density and porosity, soil colour, consistence and plasticity; Elementary knowledge of soil taxonomy classification and soils of India; Soil water retention, movement and availability; soil air, composition, gaseous exchange, problem and plant growth; source, amount and flow of heat in soil; soil temperature and plant growth; Soil reaction-pH, soil acidity and alkalinity, buffering, effect of pH on nutrient availability; soil colloids – inorganic and organic; silicate clays: constitution and properties; sources of charge ion exchange, cation exchange capacity, base saturation; soil organic matter: composition, properties and its influence on soil properties; humic substances – nature and properties; soil organisms: macro and microorganisms, their beneficial and harmful effects; Soil pollution – behaviour of pesticides and inorganic contaminants, prevention and mitigation of soil pollution.
Manures, Fertilizers and Soil Fertility Management
Biopesticides and biofertilizers
Power of hydrogen
Land health and quality management
USE OF MICROORGANISMS
Rural Development Objectives and genesis. Transfer of technology programmes like lab to land programme (LLP) national demonstration (ND),front line demonstration (FLD) Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK), Technology Assessment and Refinement Programme (TARP) etc. of ICAR.
Remote Sensing and Gis Techniques for Soil and Marks Crop Studies Paper – 303 Analytical Techniques and Instrumental Marks Methods In Soil And Plant Analysis Paper – Fertilizer And Biofertlizer Technology